Just like humans, well-beloved pets need medical care as well as affection. Animals are as prone to health problems as their owners, but a few regular actions can make a world of difference. And as with humans, prevention is far preferable to cure.
It’s safest to take your pet to the vets once a year. That way the vet can see any changes or illnesses that are developing and nip them in the bud. You see a doctor regularly and so should your pet. The vet will know straight away if your pet is overweight and can check pulse, respiratory rate and temperature. Problems with teeth, gums, lungs and hearts will show up.
Eating sensibly – Obesity is an increasing problem for people in western society and it’s just the same for pets. And overfeeding is the main cause. Obesity in pets increases the risks of diabetes, cancer and arthritis. Your vet can suggest a diet that is tailored to your pet’s weight, age and lifestyle.
Keep active – Daily exercise will ensure your pet stays fit and healthy. It also helps reduce destructive and aggressive behaviour. It burns calories and is good for the muscles, heart and lungs. How much exercise you dog will need will depend on its age and breed. But whatever that is, it should be daily.
Neuter or spay
Having females spayed guards them from problems such as infection of the uterus and mammary cancer. It also stops them going into heat. And female cats can go into heat as frequently as every three weeks. Neutering males can stop aggressive behaviour problems in dogs. It also avoids prostate disease, hernias and testicular cancer.
Vaccinate against illness
Use vaccinations – When pets are born they have protection from illnesses that has been passed on from their mothers. But this immunity only lasts for about three months. That’s when they need you to get them vaccinated. For cats there is a three-in-one vaccination and for dogs it’s a five-in-one shot. This will protect them from distemper, rabies, canine hepatitis and feline leukaemia. How often you should have them vaccinated depends on their lifestyle, health, age and risks to them.
Fight the flea
They are most common parasite that attacks pets and they can be a big problem. Fleas can cause anaemia, allergies, skin disease and anaemia. If your pet swallows just one flea it can lead to tapeworms. Fleas have to be protected against all year round. And it’s important to treat all the animals in your household, not just the obviously infected one. Make sure you get the right medication for your pet. Some of the treatments designed for dogs can be lethal to cats.
Get insurance. It can be a good idea to get pet insurance for your haustiere. It can save a lot of money over the years and it will be a weight off your mind.
AUTHOR BIO: Jenifer Wilson is a complete animal lover with a fondness for Burmese cats and dachshunds. She writes on animal care and behaviour for a range of websites and blogs. She suggests that if you want to learn more about caring for your haustiere hillspet.de is a good place to start.